Simplifying Science Descipher Logo   
Descipher™ Clinical Findings Introduction

Clinical findings include observations experienced by patients, caretakers, and health care professionals. The key aspect of "clinical" is that it requires a human being to verbalize a sensation, perception, or observation. Once the verbage is converted into a standard medical terminology, it can be treated in a manner analogous to other medical test results and used for diagnosis. Although most health care professionals may disagree with the analogy, symptoms, signs and lab tests are mathematically equivalent in a diagnostic sense.

Symptoms Indexed by Name

A symptom is a mental or physical effect experienced by a patient and reported by the patient, or by a caretaker if the patient is unable to communicate the effect. A health care professional elicits symptoms by taking a careful medical history usually triggered by a chief complaint or complaints or a traumatic event. Most symptoms are quantified as being absent or present.

Signs Indexed by Name

A sign is a physical effect observed or measured by a health care professional. A physical examination is used to assess the patient's clinical condition. The examination includes inspection, palpation, percussion, ausculatation, measurement , and manipulation, These are quantified as absent or present, positive or negative, degree of abnormality, and numerical values.

Argo™ CDSS

The Argo diagnostic software was developed to use laboratory test results to find the shortest list of clinical diagnoses (differential diagnosis). From a mathematical standpoint, symptoms and signs are equivalent to laboratory tests except most of the effects are quantified by a health care professional instead of an analytical instrument.