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Aortic valve stenosis is a condition in which the aortic valve in the heart becomes narrowed, restricting the flow of blood from the left ventricle to the aorta. This narrowing of the valve can be caused by a buildup of calcium deposits on the valve leaflets, or by a congenital defect in the valve itself. Symptoms of aortic valve stenosis can include chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, and fainting. If left untreated, aortic valve stenosis can lead to heart failure, stroke, or sudden death. Treatment for aortic valve stenosis may include medications, lifestyle changes, or surgery to replace the valve.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: