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Kernicterus is a type of brain damage that occurs in newborns due to an accumulation of bilirubin in the brain. Bilirubin is a yellow pigment that is produced when red blood cells are broken down. When bilirubin levels become too high, it can cross the blood-brain barrier and cause damage to the brain. Symptoms of kernicterus include seizures, hearing loss, vision problems, and difficulty with movement and balance. Treatment for kernicterus includes phototherapy, exchange transfusions, and medications.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: