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Cachexia is a condition characterized by extreme weight loss, muscle wasting, and fatigue. It is most commonly seen in people with chronic illnesses such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Cachexia is caused by an imbalance between the body's energy intake and energy expenditure, leading to a breakdown of muscle and fat stores. This can lead to a decrease in appetite, an inability to absorb nutrients, and an increase in inflammation. Treatment for cachexia typically involves a combination of dietary changes, exercise, and medications to help improve appetite and increase energy levels.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: