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Chronic passive hepatic congestion is a condition in which the liver becomes congested with blood due to an obstruction in the veins that drain the liver. This obstruction can be caused by a variety of factors, including cirrhosis, portal hypertension, and heart failure. When the veins become blocked, the blood is unable to flow freely through the liver, leading to an accumulation of fluid in the liver tissue. This can cause a variety of symptoms, including abdominal pain, jaundice, and fatigue. Treatment for chronic passive hepatic congestion typically involves medications to reduce the pressure in the veins, as well as lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of further complications.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: