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Pleural effusion NOS (not otherwise specified) is a medical condition in which fluid accumulates in the pleural space, the area between the two layers of the pleura (the thin membrane that lines the chest cavity and the lungs). This fluid buildup can cause difficulty breathing, chest pain, and other symptoms. It can be caused by a variety of conditions, including infections, heart failure, cancer, and autoimmune diseases. Treatment depends on the underlying cause and may include antibiotics, diuretics, or surgery.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: