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Hypercapnic respiratory failure is a type of respiratory failure that occurs when the body is unable to adequately remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from the bloodstream. This can be caused by a variety of conditions, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), neuromuscular diseases, and sleep apnea. In hypercapnic respiratory failure, the body is unable to maintain a normal level of CO2 in the blood, leading to an increase in the amount of CO2 in the bloodstream. This can cause a variety of symptoms, including shortness of breath, fatigue, confusion, and headaches. Treatment for hypercapnic respiratory failure typically involves supplemental oxygen, medications to reduce CO2 production, and lifestyle changes to improve breathing.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: