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Degenerative disc disease (DDD) is a condition that occurs when the discs between the vertebrae of the spine become damaged and begin to deteriorate. This can lead to pain, stiffness, and decreased mobility. DDD is a non-specific diagnosis, meaning that it is not associated with any particular cause. It is usually caused by age-related wear and tear, but can also be caused by injury or disease. Symptoms of DDD can include pain in the lower back, neck, or legs; stiffness; numbness; and difficulty moving. Treatment for DDD typically includes physical therapy, medications, and lifestyle changes. In some cases, surgery may be necessary.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: