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Meningococcal meningitis is a serious bacterial infection caused by the Neisseria meningitidis bacteria. It is a contagious disease that can spread through close contact with an infected person, such as coughing, sneezing, or kissing. Symptoms of meningococcal meningitis include fever, headache, stiff neck, confusion, and a rash. If left untreated, the infection can cause brain damage, hearing loss, and even death. Treatment typically involves antibiotics and supportive care. Vaccines are available to help protect against some types of meningococcal meningitis.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: