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Portal thrombophlebitis is a condition in which a blood clot forms in the veins of the portal system, which is the network of veins that carries blood from the intestines, spleen, and pancreas to the liver. It can cause pain, swelling, and inflammation in the affected area. It can also lead to complications such as liver abscesses, portal hypertension, and even death. Treatment typically involves anticoagulants to prevent further clotting, as well as antibiotics to treat any infection. Surgery may also be necessary to remove the clot or repair any damage to the veins.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: