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Acute pulmonary infarction is a medical condition in which a portion of the lung tissue becomes deprived of oxygen due to a blockage in the pulmonary artery. This blockage can be caused by a blood clot, fat, air, or other foreign material. When the blockage occurs, the affected area of the lung becomes damaged and can no longer function properly. Symptoms of acute pulmonary infarction include chest pain, shortness of breath, coughing up blood, and rapid heart rate. Treatment typically involves anticoagulants to dissolve the clot, as well as oxygen therapy and medications to reduce inflammation.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: