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A closed vertebral column fracture is a fracture of the vertebrae that does not involve a break in the skin. This type of fracture is usually caused by a direct blow to the spine, such as a fall or a motor vehicle accident. Symptoms of a closed vertebral column fracture may include pain, swelling, and tenderness in the area of the fracture, as well as difficulty moving the affected area. Treatment for a closed vertebral column fracture may include immobilization of the affected area with a brace or cast, pain medications, and physical therapy. Surgery may be necessary in some cases.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: