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Obstructive chronic bronchitis with acute exacerbation is a condition in which the airways become inflamed and narrowed due to an infection or other irritant. This can cause difficulty breathing, coughing, and wheezing. Acute exacerbations are sudden, severe flare-ups of symptoms that can last for days or weeks. These exacerbations can be caused by a variety of factors, including exposure to air pollution, allergens, or a viral or bacterial infection. Treatment typically involves antibiotics, bronchodilators, and other medications to reduce inflammation and open the airways.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: