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Ureter calculi, also known as ureteral stones, are small, hard stones that form in the ureter, the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder. They can range in size from a grain of sand to a golf ball and can cause severe pain and other symptoms. Ureter calculi are usually caused by an imbalance of minerals in the urine, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid. Treatment may involve medications, shock wave lithotripsy, or surgery.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: