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Malignant esophageal neoplasm is a type of cancer that affects the esophagus, the tube that connects the throat to the stomach. It is usually caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, such as smoking, alcohol consumption, and exposure to certain chemicals. Symptoms of malignant esophageal neoplasm include difficulty swallowing, pain in the chest or back, weight loss, and vomiting. Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: