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Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when the body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. It is most commonly seen in people with type 1 diabetes, but can also occur in people with type 2 diabetes under certain circumstances. DKA is caused by a lack of insulin in the body, which leads to an increase in the production of ketones. Symptoms of DKA include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, confusion, and difficulty breathing. If left untreated, DKA can lead to coma and even death. Treatment for DKA involves replacing fluids and electrolytes, administering insulin, and monitoring blood sugar levels.
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: