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Disease or Condition — Kidney, Urinary, and Genital Disorders:
renal calculus

Information displayed below is a subset of the entire knowledge base and may be incorrect, or incomplete intensionally or inadvertently. If you detect a serious error or want access to the complete knowledge base, please contact us.


Renal calculi, also known as kidney stones, are hard deposits of minerals and salts that form in the kidneys. They can range in size from a grain of sand to a golf ball and can cause severe pain when they pass through the urinary tract. Kidney stones can be caused by a variety of factors, including dehydration, certain medications, and certain medical conditions. Treatment for kidney stones may include medications, dietary changes, and surgery.

  • kidney stone
  • kidney stones
  • nephrolithiasis
  • renal calculi
  • renal colic
  • renal stone
  • staghorn calculi
Symptoms (patient's findings)
  • dysuria
  • flank pain
  • nausea
  • urinary frequency
  • vomiting
Basic Lab Tests (measurements)

Detailed Disease and Condition Information (use the search buttons below to find details on these topics)
All of the following must be considered when interpreting clinical findings and are too extensive to be covered on this site: